Corcyrogobius liechtensteini
   (Kolombatovic, 1891)

Common names: English: Liechtenstein's goby
German: Liechtenstein-Grundel

Common synonyms: none.

Length: 3 cm.

Reddish with blue bands across the body. Blue bands also on head. Two prominent dark spots below the opercle. Dorsal fins with irregular orange-red lines. Males during spawning season with dark head.

Praedorsal area and head nacked. Similar to Odondebuenia balearica. Males during spawning season with prolonged rays of first dorsal fin.
27-29 (31) scales in lateral series.
Fins: D1 VI; D2 I+9; A I+ 8 (7-9); P 15 (15-16).

Carnivorous; small vagile animals.

Spawning season around May.

5 - 25 m. Rocky shores. Very hidden. In empty holes of boring bivalves at entrances of caves and in cavities. Needs probably good water quality. Rather common but difficult to find.

Corcyrogobius liechtensteini
Photograph: Robert A. Patzner ©
Ibiza, Baleares, aquarium, July 1998


Species list
General info


Mediterranean; distribution rather unclear (see map); probably much more distributed, maybe in all the rocky areas. Recently found also at Chalkidiki (Northern Aegean), varified after a photograph.




Literature on Corcyrogobius lichtensteini


Ahnelt H. & J. Dorda, 2004: Gobioid fishes from the north eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean: new records and rarely found species. Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 105B: 5-19.

Ahnelt H. & R.A. Patzner, 1996: Kryptobenthische Meergrundeln von den Balearen (Westliches Mittelmeer) mit Anmerkungen zum Unterartstatus von Chromogobius zebratus levanticus. Ann. Nat. Hist. Mus. Wien 98B: 529-544.

Ahnelt H., P.J. Miller, R.A. Patzner, 1994: Systematics and distribution of two rare Mediterranean gobies, Corcyrogobius lichtensteini (Kolombatovic, 1891) and Odondebuenia balearica (Pellegrin & Fage, 1907)(Teleostei: Gobiidae). Cybium 18: 169-176.

Ahnelt H., J. Herler, S. Scsepka & R.A. Patzner, 1998: First records of two rare Mediterranean Gobiidae in the northern Tyrrhenian Sea: Cybium 22: 183-186.

Bilecenoglu M. (2016): Two marine fish records of Liechtenstein's goby (Corcyrogobius liechtensteini) and the Atlantic originated sergeant major (Abudefduf saxatilis), new for the Turkish fauna. J. Black Sea-Med. Envir. 22: 259-265.

Engin S., Irmak E., Seyhan D., Akdemir T. & A.C. Keskin (2016): Gobiid fishes of the coastal zone of the Northeastern Aegean Sea. Mar Biodiv. DOI 10.1007/s12526-016-0550-x

Francour P., Bodilis P., Cottalorda J.M., Seytre C. 2010. Inventaire des Gobiidae dans la Réserve Naturelle de Scandola (Corse) et à proximité de ses limites. Contrat Parc Naturel Régional de la Corse. Université de Nice-Sophia Antipolis, ECOMERS publ., Nice: 1-54.

Gerovasileiou V., Ganias K.; Dailianis T. et al., 2015: Occurrence of some rarely reported fish species in eastern Mediterranean marine caves. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 56: 381-38.

Herler J., Ahnelt H. & Scsepka S., 1999: Morphologische Untersuchungen an zwei höhlenbewohnenden Meergrundeln (Pisces: Gobiidae) des westlichen Mittelmeeres. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 101B: 489-507.

Herler J., Patzner R.A., Ahnelt H. & Hilgers H., 1999: Habitat selection and ecology of two speleophilic gobiid fishes (Pisces: Gobiidae) from the western Mediterranean Sea. P.S.Z.N. Mar. Ecol. 20: 49-62.

Herler J. & R.A. Patzner, 2001: Microhabitats of cryptobenthic gobies in submarine cave systems. 10. Europ. Congr. Ichthyol, Prague. p. 105.

Kolombatovic J., 1891: Glamoci (Gobii) Spljetskog Pomorskog Okruzja u Dalmaciji. Split: 29 p.

Kovacic M., 1997: Cryptobenthic ichthyofauna in the Kvaner Area, Adriatic Sea. P. Congr. Europ. Ichthyol. (abstract).

Kovacic M., 2005: An annotated checklist of the family Gobiidae in the Adriatic Sea. Annales Ser. hist. nat. 15: 1-24.

Kovacic M., 2020: Checklist of gobies (Teleostei: Gobiidae) of the Mediterranean Sea and a key for species identification. Zootaxa 4877: 075-101.

Kovacic M., Miletic M. & Papageorgiou N., 2011: A first checklist of gobies from Crete with ten new records. Cybium 35: 245-253.

Kovacic M. & Patzner R.A., 2011: North-Eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Gobies. In: The Biology of Gobies. (Eds: Patzner R.A. et al.) Science Publishers: 177-206.

Kovacic M., Sanda R. & Kirincic M., Zanella D., 2012: Geographic distribution of gobies (Gobiidae) in the Adriatic Sea with thirteen new records for its southern part. Cybium 36: 435-445.

Kovacic M., Patzner R.A. & Schliewen U., 2012: A first quantitative assessment of the ecology of cryptobenthic fishes in the Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Biol. 159: 2731-2742.

Kovacic M., Glavicic I., Paliska D. & Valic Z. (2021): A first qualitative and quantitative study of marine cave fish assemblages of intracave cavities. Estuar. Coast. Shelf Sci.263: 107624

Miller P. J., 1972: Generic status and redescription of the Mediterranean fish Gobius liechtensteini Kolombatovic, 1891 (Teleostei: Gobioidea), and its affinities with certain American and Indo-Pacific gobies. J. nat. Hist., London 6: 395-407.

Miller P. J., 1986: Gobiidae. In: Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Volume III. (Eds.: Whitehead P.J.P. et al.) pp. 1019-1085. UNESCO, Paris.

Patzner R.A., 1999: Habitat utilization and depth distribution of small cryptobenthic fishes (Blenniidae, Gobiesocidae, Gobiidae, Tripterygiidae) at Ibiza (western Mediterranean Sea). Enviroment. Biol. Fish. 55: 207-214.

Patzner R.A. & J. Herler, 2001: Mikrohabitate von kryptobenthischen Meergrundeln in marinen Höhlensystemen. 3. Tg. Ges. Ichthyol., Wien. p. 37.

Patzner R.A. & H. Moosleitner, 1998: Die Grundeln des Mittelmeeres. Teil 4. Kleine Grundeln des Hartbodens 1. Das Aquarium 348: 40-44.

Ragkousis M., Digenis M., Kovacic M., Katsanevakis S. & Gerovasileiou V. (2021): Rarely reported cryptobenthic fish in marine caves of the eastern Mediterranean Sea. J. Mar. Sci. Eng. 9, 557.

Scsepka S. & H. Ahnelt, 1999: Wiederbeschreibung von Gammogobius steinitzi Bath 1971 sowie ein Erstnachweis von Corcyrogobius liechtensteini (Kolombatovic 1891) für Frankreich (Pisces, Gobiidae). Senckenb. Biol. 79: 71-81.


Photographs of Corcyrogobius liechtensteini

Corcyrogobius liechtensteini Ibiza, Baleares, 
10 m depth, July 1998
Photograph: Robert A. Patzner ©
Corcyrogobius liechtensteini Ibiza, Baleares, 
8 m depth, July 1998
Photograph: Robert A. Patzner ©
Corcyrogobius liechtensteini Chalkidiki (Northern Aegean),
3 m depth, June 2008
Photograph: Timofey Gavrilin ©
Corcyrogobius liechtensteini Ibiza, Baleares, 
8 m depth, July 1998
Photograph: Robert A. Patzner ©




Drawings of Corcyrogobius liechtensteini

Male, 24.0 + 5.5 mm, Ibiza (leg. Patzner).

Drawing by H. Ahnelt from Ahnelt, Miller & Patzner (1994).


Head lateral-line canal pores and adjoining sensory papillae , female, 22 + 4.5 mm, Ibiza (leg. Patzner). Nomenclature of pores (greek letters) and papillae as Miller (1986). AN, PN anterior and posterior nostrils. Scale bar = 1 mm.

Drawing by H. Ahnelt from Ahnelt, Miller & Patzner (1994).



Copyright © 2019 - Robert A. Patzner, Department of Biosciences, Univ. Salzburg, Austria.
State: 2019-07-13